ScienceSuperSchool.com
Science Past, Present and Future
   Home      Crude Oil Facts of Control, Remediation and Cleanup

Crude Oil Facts of Control Remediation and Cleanup

© Donald Reinhardt,2011

Crude Oil Spill Control, Cleanup, Remediation Facts

© Donald Reinhardt,2011 

Oil spill cleanup and remediation is critical. Proper equipment and procedures are needed to stop, contain and repair damaged environments and ecosystems as shown here.

Picture

Oil Boom at Oil Rig Drilling Site
 

 
Accidental spills, leaks, or explosions of crude oil vessels or rigs are dangerous events that require rapid corrective actions. Oil accidents and spills, such as BP's Deepwater Horizon site at Mississippi Canyon in the Gulf of Mexico, can have immediate and long-term effects on water and land resources. Here is a list of crude oil, post-spill, control-cleanup procedures and facts.

Crude Oil Spills – Steps and Facts for Control, Cleanup and Remediation

Important, valuable and useful steps for the control of oil spills include:

1. Oil seals, caps, or domes and cut and cap procedures are used to stop leaking or spilled oil at the source. Undersea robots are used in deepwater situations to accomplish tasks which are impossible for humans. Early control and cleanup responses minimize oil damage and reduce time, labor and expenses for remediation.
2. RITT or riser insertion tube tools can partially block, trap, and capture escaping oil and gas at an oil accident and release site. Captured oil and gas is transferred to a receiving vessel on the surface. The gas is flared or burned (see drillship flaring of captured gas). 
3. Top kill procedures are employed to choke off crude oil flow at the containment valve site. The pipe is flooded with a large mass of debris (a junk shot that includes pieces of tires, rope, golf balls and assorted other materials) to choke off the oil flow. Next, oil pipe stuffing or filling with massive amounts of mud are introduced and this followed by large amounts of hydraulic cement to effect a seal.
4. Oil booms (floating barriers) are used for control and containment of surface oils. Skimming of boom oils or burns, or both, may be used.
5. Oil Skimming and capture of large masses of surface oils onto recovery tanker ships for transfer to refineries and  subsequent commercial use.
6. Dispersant chemical addition to break up oil that cannot be boom-managed, skimmed, sipped or burned.
7. Oil-eating bacteria and microbe seeding and addition to oil. These bacteria digest and breakdown oil and remove many fractions of the crude oil mixture.
8. Relief well drilling permits relieving pressure from the damaged well and pipe site, and this relief well permits oil retrieval and relief of pressure at the damaged site. Alternatively, total closure of the entire oil bed is possible once the relief well is completed.

Finding and drilling for oil in deep waters is a difficult task in itself. Accidents at drill sites that release massive amounts of oil are extremely problematic. Read more about crude oil spill dangers at the biological, chemical and medical levels.

Sources

BP: The response in detail (Gulf of Mexico Response) http://www.bp.com/sectiongenericarticle.do?categoryId=9033573&contentId=7061702
 accessed, May 19, 2010.

NOAA, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association, U.S: http://www.noaa.gov/.


VISIT Our Science Super School Store

Picture 
Riser Insertion Tube for Oil Control and Capture, copyright BP p.l.c.
Picture 
BP's Discover Enterprise Drillship Flaring Gas Obtained after Riser Tube Insertion, copyright BP p.l.c.
Picture 
Test Crude Oil Burn off the Coast of Newfoundland
Picture 
Top Kill Procedure, Debris, Mud, Cement, copyright BP p.l.c.
All the Written Material within Site is Copyrighted 2010 and Owned by Dr. Donald Reinhardt, and this original material is protected legally by this copyright notice and by theDigital Millennium Act. None of this original material may be copied or reproduced without the expressed written consent of the author. 

Donald Reinhardt is a Consultant in Medical and Industrial Microbiology and a Freelance Science writer. He is available for specific assignments for those who are interested – by contacting sciencesuperschool@gmail.com. Other questions related to this teaching site should be directed to sciencesuperschool@gmail.com.